Acts 5:32 "And we are his witnesses of these things, and so is also the Holy Spirit whom Elohim has given to them that obey him"
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I can't say that I completely comprehend all of the mysteries of "spirit", though we can still gain a better understanding from viewing all of the relating scriptures.
The main topic here is the Holy Spirit, but there are also other meanings tied to "spirit", and considering all of them can help expand our overall understanding.
I will try to separate the different contexts of spirit into their own section, but the different categories may overlap in meaning in some cases.
1st let's consider the basic meaning of the word spirit. We need to understand it Biblically, and not based on modern ideas, because the world often changes the actual meanings of Biblical words and then we miss out on valuable information when we forget to filter out the world's influence.
The Hebrew word that is translated to spirit in the Bible is "ruach".(רוח)
The 1st occurrence of this word in the Bible is at Genesis 1:2.
Genesis 1:2 "And the earth was without form, and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the spirit of Elohim moved upon the face of the waters"
Ruach is given 3 basic meanings, breath, wind, and "spirit". In Hebrew wind is called "ruach", and to get a better idea of spirit for someone who finds this very foreign, all you have to do is feel the wind outside passing over you, or even simply blow gently onto your hand. This is something you can feel on your hand, but you can not see it, or hold it, yet it exists.
The word "Holy" is frequently used within modern Christianity, but people are rarely, if ever, taught about the meaning of the word, leaving people with an uncertainty.
It is the Hebrew word "kadosh" that is usually translated over to "holy".
The Biblical meaning of "holy" is along the lines of "set-apart".
Knowing the meaning can be important in understanding certain scriptures more accurately. A holy people is a set-apart people, set-apart from the world and what is common, and set-apart from fleshly natural animalistic natures. It is to be special.
False denominations tend to tell their followers that they're holy, simply from being part of their denomination. Most often, those people are not truly holy according to the Bible. For example, a congregation telling its members that they're holy while hosting a pork dinner is a major contradiction. Being clean and undefiled is part of being holy.
It can be easy for the typical modern Christian to assume they really are perfectly holy simply from believing in YHWH and the Messiah, especially when you ignore the Old Testament scriptures teaching you what holy is and how to be it, but there is certainly more to it than just having faith. The demons and the fallen angels have perfect faith, but that doesn't make them holy.
Being holy takes action on our part, your behavior and habits will determine if you are set-apart or not, and at any moment that we decide to do certain things or behave in certain ways, we're no longer set-apart, but are common.
I wasn't sure what to call this to differentiate it from the other contexts, I think of it as heart or soul spirit. Once you realize this exists and has been trying to tell you what to do your whole life, it may aid you in your journey.